Cone Trees: Animated 3D Visualizations of Hierarchical Information


The task of managing and accessing large information spaces is a problem in large scale cognition. Emerging technologies for 3D visualization and interactive animation offer potential solutions to this problem, especially when the structure of the information can be visualized. We describe one of these Information Visualization techniques, called the Cone Tree, which is used for visualizing hierarchical information structures. The hierarchy is presented in 3D to maximize effective use of available screen space and enable visualization of the whole structure. Interactive animations is used to shift some of the user’s cognitive load to the human perceptual system.

George G Robertson
Jock D Mackinlay
Stuart K Card
Publication Date: 
Monday, April 1, 1991
Publication Information: 
Proceedings of CHI'91, ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. pp. 189-194